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Union successful in fight to ban urine drug tests May 18 2014

http://www.miningaustralia.com.au/news/union-successful-in-fight-to-ban-urine-drug-tests

Testing the urine of workers in order to detect drug and alcohol use has been banned by the Fair Work Commission which found employees at Endeavour Energy are to be tested using saliva swabs instead.

Last week the Fair Work Commission refused Endeavour Energy's bid to urine test its 2635 employees.

The commission labelled the use of urine tests “unjust and unreasonable” in a case which could have wider implications for a range of industries, including mining.

Endeavour Energy launched the latest legal action in October last year, with the matter heard in the Fair Work Commission in December. The company was attempting to vary the original decision, which required the use of oral testing, with urine based testing.

The Electrical Trades Union said the decision confirmed two previous court rulings that found the use of urine test was unfair because it could detect drug use from days earlier, rather than more recent use that could lead to impairment at work.

ETU NSW deputy secretary Neville Betts said the decision highlighted that the role of drug and alcohol testing in the workplace should be about identifying potential impairment, rather than disciplining staff for private actions taken in their own time.

“While oral testing accurately identifies recent drug use, where an individual may be impaired in their abilities, urine tests unfairly monitor workers’ private lives by potentially showing a positive result even where a substance may have been used many days prior, in a private capacity,” Betts said.

“This is the third time the courts have ruled in favour of the ETU on this issue, despite Endeavour Energy spending hundreds of thousands of dollars in an attempt to force urine testing on their staff.

“This most recent decision absolutely cements this legal precent that has wide-ranging ramifications not only for the electricity sector, but for every industry that carries out drug and alcohol testing, in particular mining, aviation, transport and emergency services.

“In recent years drug testing of employees has become increasingly common, both in the public sector and private enterprise, which is why making sure the practice is done as fairly as possible is so important.

Endeavour Energy's chief executive Vince Graham said the ruling contradicted a 2011 decision by which found in favour of a coalmining employer's right to conduct urine testing, Newcastle Herald reported.

In that case, the commission found urine testing was more accurate.

"Mine workers and electricity workers both work in potentially dangerous conditions and yet different drug testing methods have been ordered by the [Fair Work Commission]," Graham said.

 


Union puts Rio, BHP and Woodside on notice about urine drug tests May 18 2014

Originally posted at: http://www.miningaustralia.com.au/news/union-puts-rio-bhp-and-woodside-on-notice-about-ur

Accessed 18/05/2014

 

 

The Australian Manufacturing Workers Union has put major mining companies on notice as it fights against the use of urine tests for the detection of drugs and alcohol.

The AMWU says it is planning court challenges against miners who use urine tests to detect substances such as cannabis, cocaine, and heroin in their workers.

It claims the method is too intrusive and says urine tests are unfair because it can detect drug use from days earlier, rather than more recent use that could lead to impairment at work.

AMWU secretary Steve McCartney said union members preferred saliva testing, The West Australian reported.

"We will be taking them all on because we owe it to our membership," he said.

"You can tell Rio Tinto, Woodside and BHP (Billiton) that they can be expecting to hear from us."

The move comes after a recent ruling by the Fair Work Commission banned the use of urine tests for the detection of drugs and alcohol for workers at the NSW Government-owned electricity network company Endeavour Energy.

The commission labelled the use of urine tests “unjust and unreasonable” and ordered the company to conduct testing for substances via saliva instead.

It is believed the AMWU will use the precedent of this case in its fight.

However the Association of Mines and Metals executive director of policy, Scott Barklamb, fears a move to saliva testing could undermine safety on mine sites.

Barklamb said the Fair Work Commission should not have the right to take decisions about drug testing away from management.

"AMMA strongly believes that the only suitable people to be making decisions about which drug and alcohol testing method is best suited to maintaining a safe workplace are the people directly involved in running those workplaces," he said.

"It is not the expertise or role of an employment tribunal, or an employer association, or a union boss to make critically important operational decisions regarding the safety of someone else's employees."

An opinion piece about the role of drug testing on mine sites was met with mixed reactions by Australian Mining readers.

Some say urine testing is unfair because it can detect small amounts of substances that are no longer having an effect on the user.

“I would be pissed off if they could sack me for being drunk 3 days ago,” one reader said.

“I don't really care about what people do in their own time. If they're not affected when they turn up to work, that's all that matters to me. I don't condone drug use or excessive alcohol consumption, but I also don't think that your employer should have a say in your activities outside of work,” another stated.

However others were not so forgiving, stating that even a small amount of residual drugs in a person’s system had the potential to cause impairments at work.

“Do what you want on your time, but drugs last in your system for a reason, and the impairment can last a while.” One Facebook commentator said.

“Instant dismissal no verbal warning no written warnings on ya bike my livelihood & safety far outweighs some drugged up lunatic,” another argued.

 


Workplace drug testing tipped to increase despite misgivings April 21 2014

Source: http://www.smh.com.au/data-point/workplace-drug-testing-tipped-to-increase-despite-misgivings-20140413-36lk0.html

 

Workplace drug testing is likely to become increasingly common as employers attempt to cut ''presenteeism'' and ensure safety, one of Australia's leading workplace drug experts says.

But unions say the tests, which are backed by little evidence proving they lead to safer workplaces, are an unfair invasion of privacy, particularly when they come in the form of a urine test.

The Global Drug Survey, a survey of nearly 5850 Australian drug and alcohol users conducted in partnership with Fairfax Media, has found one in eight people had been asked by their employer to take a drug test.

But it also showed workplaces could be right to worry. More than a third of full-time workers surveyed said they had taken drugs or alcohol within two hours of starting work, and some had even begun to use newly invented psychoactive drugs in an attempt to stay one step ahead of the testers.

Ken Pidd, the deputy director, research, at the National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction in Adelaide, said the tests were a growing trend.

"Obviously the biggest threat from workplace drug use is safety, if people are intoxicated at work, but there is a much larger picture around absenteeism, or even presenteeism, related to use outside the workplace," he said.

He recently conducted a review of the evidence in favour of the tests, and found outside of a few circumstances, such as mandatory alcohol testing for US truck drivers, there was little proof they improved safety. "It is a particular issue for urine testing, which doesn't actually detect impairment, just prior use," he said.

Dr Pidd said studies had found the overall rate of use of drugs and alcohol in the workplace in Australia was relatively low, although in some industries such as hospitality and finance rates were far higher.

"Workplace drug use tends to be in line with drug use in the broader population,'' he said.

"There are some types of drugs that are increasing, such as prescription drugs, so they are likely to be increasing in the workplace as well.''

He said prescription drugs posed a particular problem for people returning to work from injury, as they could exacerbate problems by doing more damage with dulled pain sensations. Dr Pidd expected workplace drug testing to increase, but said other, less expensive techniques such as the provision of information or counselling could in some cases be more effective.

Alex Claassens, NSW secretary of the Rail, Tram and Bus Union, said workers were still being subjected to "invasive and unhygienic" urine drug testing.

''Mouth swab testing is safe, sure, instant and conforms with the National Rail Safety legislation and should replace the outdated practice of urine testing for NSW transport workers," he said.

 

Peyote was amazing, says lawyer 

Miles Hunt is a partner in an inner-city law firm, but he won’t let that stop him admitting he also uses drugs.

‘‘I’ve used many drugs — most,’’ he says.

‘‘Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, ecstasy, cocaine, hallucinogens, peyote ...  peyote was amazing.’’

The drug law reform advocate is happy to admit his continuing drug use because he believes the silence around drugs is only causing harm in society.

‘‘I believe drugs should be taken responsibly,’’ he says. ‘‘They’re dangerous, but people can have good experiences and prohibition doesn’t allow us to talk about it. People do many things that are dangerous. Driving is dangerous, eating fast foods is dangerous, but the best way to deal with that is to openly discuss it.’’

Mr Hunt, 32, says in his work he often saw young people whose lives had been changed, even ruined, after they had been caught with small quantities of drugs, but he had never been caught.

‘‘I think some people are more likely to be searched or pulled over by police, which is a real discrimination problem.

‘‘You don’t see bankers being pulled over and searched for cocaine,’’ he says.


What are the Australian cut-off levels for drug tests and what do they mean to me? January 15 2014

Class of Drug

Cut-off Level µg/L (urine)

Opiates

Amphetamine type substances

Cannabis metabolites

Cocaine metabolites

Benzodiazepines

300

300

50

300

200

 

Nice numbers, but what do they mean?

Firstly, the µg/L sign symbolizes micrograms/litre. Drug testing normally involves establishing the concentration of a drug above a certain level rather than just finding the presence of the drug. Interestingly, not many people are aware of this! A “cut-off” is the concentration of a drug at or above which is deemed positive by a laboratory analysis for that drug. Cut-offs are set for laboratory standardisation purposes, the detection period and to exclude defences based upon passive inhalation.

Determining your likely toxicity level is by no means an exact science. People often fall into the trap of just looking at a detection period table and expecting that the time period stated in the table will apply to them. Everybody is different — your situation will differ from others. The time taken to clear naturally from toxins will varely greatly dependent upon the length of exposure to toxins, body fat ratio, general health, lifestyle, strength of toxin, route of administration and many other decisive factors. PassMyDrugTest.com.au have made things as easy as possible for you with an inbuilt calculator to give you an idea of how likely you are to be above, at or below the Australia cut-off levels for drug tests

Drug testing Cut-off levels can be different between Organisations

Some organisations reserve the right to adopt different cut-off levels for various drug classes. This means that anybody purchasing a home test kit should check the relevant cut-off level that might apply before selecting a particular test. Naturally it can be a waste of time and money relying upon a test kit if it uses a different cut-off level to what is actually applied in a policy. In saying that, we have yet to find a reported case in Australia that does not follow the cut-off levels as provided for in the Standards.

Interesting fact

The cut-off levels are not exactly the same between countries, for example the opiate cut-off level for urine testing in the United States is 2000ng/ml whereas the cut-off level in Australia for the same drug is 300ng/ml. This is a fairly dramatic difference (US is 666% higher than Australia).

If you’re interested to know more you can read the Australian/New Zealand Standard (AS/NZS 4308:2008). You will most likely be required to pay a fee for a copy of this document. Remember, you can always use the contact us if you have any questions.


How long will it take to naturally clear from toxins? - Drug Detection Times January 15 2014

Usually people apply various methods for Drug Detection Times for the specific identification of drugs through urine and saliva testing. Consumed drug substances often stay in your system for a significant period of time, even after you have stopped using. Lab technicians know how to trace Drug Detection Time considering various factors as important as:

  • Drug frequency
  • Body mass
  • Metabolic rate
  • Quality of drug
  • Health, age & sex

Drug Detection Time varies from drug to drug because of its quality and consumed quantity. For example; Drug Detection Times for these drugs are:

  • 2-4 days for opiate, heroin, codeine and morphine
  • 3-5 days for Methamphetamine
  • 7-14 days for PCP (sing abuse)
  • 30 days duration for chronic PCP abuse

Tracing duration of THC is roundabout 2-7 days but it is only for the single consumption of this drug. Sensitivity of drugs also contributes for the exact detection of drug abusing duration.

If you are conscious of your drug screening results and are unsure of detection times, there is always the option of removing drug substances by using guaranteed Drug Detox Products. These products ensure complete detox simultaneously boosting up your confidence for upcoming drug screening tests. Everyone can perform urine drug screening test at home after consuming Drug Detox Products to be sure of the results. Ensure to visit our shop to see our entire range.

Passing drug tests is a regular stress in many peoples day to day lives; especially those working in the mining and other industries where tests are commonplace. Often employees feel their ability to complete their duties is not effected by having a good time in their time away from work. Your time is, after all, your time.

There are a number of detox programs you may rely on in order to pass drugs tests and ensure the financial wellbeing of yourself and your dependents. Not sure what you need ? Feel free to use our calculator to determine your own personal circumstances. Otherwise, browse our shopfront to see what’s out there! Pass My Drug Test has scoured the earth to bring you the very best in detox products.